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B.Sc. Umweltnaturwissenschaften und B.Sc. Waldwirtschaft und Umwelt

Lehrveranstaltung Dozent/in Sprache Veranstaltungsart Turnus
Einführung in Geschichte, Politik, Ökonomie Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner,
Dr. Stephan Wolf
deutsch V+Üb WS
Nachhaltige Bewirtschaftung natürlicher Ressourcen Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner,
Dr. Stephan Wolf
deutsch V+Üb SS
Resilienz und Kollaps ökologisch-ökonomischer Systeme Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner deutsch Sem SS

 

M.Sc. Umweltwissenschaften / Environmental Sciences und M.Sc. Forstwissenschaften / Forest Sciences

Lehrveranstaltung Dozent/in Sprache Veranstaltungsart Turnus
Umweltökonomie Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner,
Dr. Stephan Wolf
deutsch V+Üb WS
Economics of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner,
Dr. A. M. Tanvir Hussain
english V+Üb WS
Experimental Sustainability Economics Dr. Stephan Wolf english V WS
Aktuelle Themen der Umweltökonomie und des Ressourcenmanagements/
Current Topics in Environmental Economics and Resource Management
Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner,
Dr. Stephan Wolf,
Dr. A. M. Tanvir Hussain,
Yuki Henselek
deutsch, english   WS, SS

 

M.Sc. Environmental Governance

Lehrveranstaltung Dozent/in Sprache Veranstaltungsart Turnus
Economy, Environment and Institutions Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner,
Dr. Stephan Wolf,
Dr. A. M. Tanvir Hussain
english V SS
Economics of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner,
Dr. A. M. Tanvir Hussain
english V+Üb WS

 

M.Sc. Renewable Energy Engineering and Management

Lehrveranstaltung Dozent/in Sprache Veranstaltungsart Turnus
Scientific Frameworks of REM – Economics Dr. A. M. Tanvir Hussain english V+Üb WS
Renewable Energy Economics Dr. A. M. Tanvir Hussain english V+Üb SS
Project Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner english   WS, SS

 

Lehrveranstaltungen

Hier finden Sie detaillierte Beschreibungen und verfügbare Materialien unserer Lehrveranstaltungen.

Lehrveranstaltung Einführung in Geschichte, Politik, Ökonomie
Dozent(in) Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner, Dr. Stephan Wolf
Turnus / Format / Level WS / Vorlesung + Übung / B.Sc.
Beschreibung

Die Umwelt- und Ressourcenökonomie untersucht, wie gesamtwirtschaftliche System von natürlichen Ressourcen abhängen und umgekehrt die natürliche Umwelt beeinflussen. Leitbild ist der effiziente, d.h. nicht-verschwenderische Umgang mit natürlichen Ressourcen und ihren menschengemachten Substituten und Komplementen. In dieser einführenden Veranstaltung behandeln wir u.a. die folgenden Themen:

  • Was ist Ökonomie
  • Inwiefern ist die natürliche Umwelt ein Gegenstand der Ökonomie?
  • Grundlegende Konzepte der Mikroökonomie
  • Märkte, Marktversagen und Marktregulierung

Literatur:
  • Common, M. and S. Stagl: Ecological Economics. An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  • Endres, A. and V. Radke: Economics for Environmental Studies, Springer, 2012.
Benötigte Vorkenntnisse Keine
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Lehrveranstaltung Nachhaltige Bewirtschaftung natürlicher Ressourcen
Dozent(in) Prof. Dr. Stefan BaumgärtnerDr. Stephan Wolf
Turnus / Format / Level SS / Vorlesung + Übung / B.Sc.
Beschreibung

Die Bestände erneuerbarer und nicht-erneuerbarer natürlicher Ressourcen wie z.B. Wald, Fische, fruchtbarer Boden, Öl, Kohle, mineralische Erze etc. sind eine wesentliche Quelle menschlichen Wohlergehens („Naturkapital“). Sie sind daher seit jeher von Menschen gezielt genutzt, und teilweise übernutzt worden. Umgekehrt werden durch mensch¬liche Produktion und Konsum auch natürliche Ressourcenbestände beeinflusst oder neue, nützliche wie schädliche Bestände geschaffen, wie z.B. Bestände an physischem oder Human-Kapital, aber auch CO2 oder Atommüll.
In dieser Veranstaltung wollen wir die nachhaltige Bewirtschaftung der Bestände an natürlichen erneuerbaren und nicht-erneuerbaren Ressourcen sowie ihrer menschengemachten Substitute und Komplemente analysieren. „Nach¬haltige Bewirtschaftung“ meint hier eine Nutzung mit dem Ziel der Befriedigung menschlicher Bedürfnisse und Wünsche, die (1) umwelt- und generationengerecht und (2) ökonomisch effizient ist, d.h. bei der keine knappen Ressourcen verschwendet werden.
Dazu verwenden wir grundlegende, überwiegend formale Methoden der Ressourcen- und Nachhaltigkeitsökonomie. Der Schwerpunkt liegt dabei auf der konzeptionellen und der theoretischen Ebene.

Gliederung:

  1. Normative Grundlagen: Menschliches Wohlergehen, Nachhaltigkeit als Gerechtigkeit
  2. Analytische Grundlagen: Analyse und optimale Steuerung dynamischer Mensch-Umwelt-Systeme
  3. Ressourcenbewirtschaftung über die Zeit
  4. Messung und Indikatoren nachhaltiger Ressourcenbewirtschaftung
  5. Natürliche Ressourcen und (Post-)Wirtschaftswachstum


Literatur:

Es gibt kein Lehrbuch für die Veranstaltung als Ganze. Literatur wird in der Veranstaltung zu jedem Kapitel einzeln bekannt gegeben.

Benötigte Vorkenntnisse Grundkenntnisse (Umwelt-)Ökonomie
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Lehrveranstaltung Resilienz und Kollaps ökologisch-ökonomischer Systeme
Dozent(in) Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner
Turnus / Format / Level SS / Sem / B.Sc.
Beschreibung

Resilienz bezeichnet die Fähigkeit eines Systems, seine wesentlichen Strukturen und Funktionen auch unter Störungen und Stress aufrecht zu erhalten. Für die nachhaltige Entwicklung ökologisch-ökonomischer Systeme unter Bedingungen großer Unsicherheit und dynamischen Wandels ist die Erhaltung ihrer Resilienz eine Schlüsselvoraussetzung: Wie können wirtschaftlich genutzte Ökosysteme so gemanagt werden, dass die heutige Nutzung ihrer Funktionen und Leistungen nicht die Möglichkeit zukünftiger Nutzung gefährdet?
In diesem Seminar wollen wir uns interdisziplinär – gestützt auf grundlegende Beiträge aus Ökologie, Ökonomie und Systemwissenschaften – mit der Frage auseinandersetzen, welche Erklärungskraft das wissenschaftliche Konzept der Resilienz für die Analyse und das Verständnis der Beständigkeit, oder umgekehrt des Kollapses, von Staaten und Gesellschaften hat, die ökologische Ressourcen (un)wirtschaftlich nutzen. Was genau kann man unter Resilienz verstehen? Von welchen determinierenden Faktoren hängt die Resilienz eines ökologisch-ökonomischen Systems ab? Wie kann man ökologisch-öko¬nom¬ische Systeme auf ihre Resilienz hin analysieren, und welche Indikatoren für Resilienz gibt es? Wie gestaltet und managt man ein System so, dass es resilient ist?

Literatur

Zur Einführung in das Thema des Seminars für alle Teilnehmenden:

  • W.A. Brock, K.-G. Mäler and C. Perrings (2001), Resilience and sustainability: the economic analysis of nonlinear dynamic systems, in L.H. Gunderson and C.S. Holling (eds), Panarchy. Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems, Island Press, Washington DC, pp. 261–289.
  • Resilience Alliance, Key Concepts, available online.
  • B. Walker, C.S. Holling, S. Carpenter and A. Kinzig (2004), Resilience, adaptability and transformability in social-ecological systems, Ecology and Society 9(2): 5. Link
  • B. Walker and D. Salt (2006), Resilience Thinking. Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World, Washington DC: Island Press

Spezielle Literatur zu den Referatsthemen wird in der Vorbesprechung angegeben.

Benötigte Vorkenntnisse
  • Grundkenntnisse der Mikroökonomik und/oder der Umwelt- und Ressourcenökonomik
  • gute passive Kenntnisse der englischen Sprache, da die zugrunde liegende Literatur fast ausschließlich englischsprachig ist
  • Bereitschaft, sich aktiv und kritisch mit dem Gegenstand des Seminars auseinander zu setzen und sich dabei auch auf offene Fragen der aktuellen Forschung einzulassen
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Lehrveranstaltung Umweltökonomie
Dozent(in) Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner, Dr. Stephan Wolf
Turnus / Format / Level WS / Vorlesung + Übung / M.Sc.
Beschreibung

In diesem Modul lernen Studierende, die natürliche Umwelt und natürliche Ressourcen aus einer ökonomischen Perspektive zu analysieren und zu managen. Dazu lernen Studierende fortgeschrittene Konzepte und Methoden der Umwelt- und Ressourcenökonomie, sowie der Ökologischen Ökonomie. Diese wenden sie an auf die Analyse von Mensch-Umwelt-Systemen. Im Modul werden u.a. folgende Themen behandelt:

  • Wiederholung grundlegender Konzepte der Mikroökonomik (Knappheit, Effizienz, Haushalte, Firmen, Märkte)
  • Wohlfahrtsanalyse von Märkten, Marktversagen und Marktregulierung:
    • Öffentliche Güter
    • Allmende-Ressourcen (Gemeinschaftsgüter)
    • Externe Effekte
    • Staatsversagen
  • Ökonomische Bewertung von Umweltqualität und natürlicher Ressourcen
  • Umwelt- und Ressourcennutzung unter Unsicherheit: Risiko, Resilienz und Versicherung

Literatur

Es gibt kein Lehrbuch für dieses Modul. Geeignete Literatur für einzelne Kapitel des Moduls sind Teile der folgenden Bücher:

  • M. Common and S. Stagl: Ecological Economics. An Introduction, Cambridge University Press, 2005
  • H.E. Daly and J. Farley: Ecological Economics. Principles and Applications, Washington DC: Island Press, 2004
  • Endres and V. Radke: Economics for Environmental Studies. A Strategic Guide to Micro- and Macroeconomics, Springer, 2012
  • N. Hanley, J.F. Shogren and B. White: Introduction to Environmental Economics, Oxford University Press, 2001
  • N. Hanley, J.F. Shogren and B. White: Environmental Economics in Theory and Practice, 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007
  • R. Perman, Y. Ma, J. McGilvray and M. Common: Natural Resource and Environmental Economics, 3rd edition, Pearson Education, 2003
Benötigte Vorkenntnisse Keine
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Course Economics of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
Lecturer Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner, Dr. A. M. Tanvir Hussain 
Cycle / Format / Level    WS / Lecture + Workgroup / M.Sc.
Description

In this course, students will study biodiversity and ecosystem services from an economic perspective. Biodiversity is understood here as ‘the variability among living organisms from all sources ... and the ecological complexes of which they are part’ (United Nations Convention on Biodiversity 1992). Ecosystem services are “the benefits people obtain from ecosystems” (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). This includes provisioning services (e.g. the provision of food, fiber, fuels or clean drinking water), regulating services (e.g. climate regulation, erosion control, or the regulation of pests and diseases), and cultural services (e.g. aesthetic satisfaction, education, recreation, or spiritual fulfillment).
While biodiversity is an issue of biology in the first place, the economic perspective can add valuable insights into why we are currently loosing biodiversity and ecosystem services at unusually high rates, why this is a problem that we should be concerned about, and what we can do in order to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystem services in an efficient manner.
To this end, students in this course will learn advanced concepts and methods from ecological, environmental and resource economics, and integrate them in an interdisciplinary manner with concepts and methods from ecology, to gain an encompassing and methodologically sound economic understanding of biodiversity and ecosystem services.

Literature
There is no single textbook for this course. References to books and journal articles for each chapter will be given in class. References to start with are
TEEB – The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (www.teebweb.org):

  • Mainstreaming the Economics of Nature: Synthesis of the Approach, Conclusions and Recommendations (2010)
  • Summary for Policy Makers: Responding to the Value of Nature (2009)
and the talk of Dr. Pavan Sukhdev on The Invisible Economy
Prerequisites
  • good working knowledge of intermediate microeconomics
  • advanced calculus (derivatives and maximization of functions of several variables)
  • willingness and capability for interdisciplinary work in economics and ecology (basic knowledge of ecology is a plus, but no prerequisite)
  • willingness to actively engage in course work and to address open questions
  • good commandment of English
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Course Experimental Sustainability Economics
Lecturer Dr. Stephan Wolf
Cycle / Format / Level    WS / Seminar with lecture elements / M.Sc.
Description

Mainstream economics is being criticized for its reliance on an unrealistic model of rational decision making. Behavioral and institutional economists therefore apply more realistic assumptions about human behavior, such as altruism, reciprocity, risk aversion, excessive discounting of the future, and limited access to and processing of information. By and large, behavioral and institutional economists study actions and decision of “real” human beings and confront their results with rational decision making. For example, such studies can help us understand how the management of scarce and vulnerable natural resources actually works and where existing rules can be improved in order to avoid the overexploitation of commons. Especially the latter point is crucial for “sustainable” management of resources: good rules should also be immune against egoistic overutilization by certain users. At the same time, resource consumption inherently raises the question who legitimately has a right to access and appropriation. Hence, fairness considerations play a crucial role in common pool resource utilization, too. Similar considerations apply for most “environmental problems” where pollutants (as a side-effect of production or consumption) decrease the quality of “the environment”, raising the question about legitimate boundaries of acceptable pollution.

In order to systematically study such situations occurring in the real world, we will make use of economic experiments. In such experiments, participants have to either individually or collectively decide on the distribution and utilization of a given model resource or the effects from a simple pollutant. As in reality, a conflict arises between individual profit maximization and maintenance of the resource for others respectively keeping the pollution level within ecologically acceptable limits. The advantage of experiments is that one can create a rather simple decision making environment in order to isolate important factors driving individual decision making. Just as in natural sciences, an experiment in economics is supposed to reduce complexity on purpose in order to improve the understanding of single important factors—to include them later in a more complex and comprehensive theory, of course.

Therefore, the seminar consists of both a more theoretical, “lecture-like” part and a practical, “project-like” element with strong research orientation. The parts are in detail:

  1. Repetition and deepening of Environmental Economics: externalities, common pool resources, public goods, individual and collective decision making, and resource utilization dilemmas
  2. Introduction to Behavioral and Experimental Economics
  3. Students present in groups one paper of an already conducted experiment; each students then writes an individual “referee report” on the paper
  4. Introduction to “Sustainability Economics”: how to derive criteria for inter- and intragenerationally fair resource allocation rules.
  5. In groups again, students design their own experiment and present their idea in front of class for a critical discussion.
Prerequisites Mandatory: Environmental Economics / Umweltökonomie
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Course
(english/deutsch)
Current Topics in Environmental Economics and Resource Management/
Aktuelle Themen der Umwelt- und Ressourcenökonomie
Lecturer Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner
Dr. A.M. Tanvir Hussain, Dr. Stephan Wolf, Yuki Henselek
Cycle / Format / Level    WS, SS / Independent Study ( Lehrforschungsprojekt) / M.Sc.
Description

This module serves for deepening knowledge and expertise in the area of environmental and resource economics in a research-oriented manner for those student who have taken the basic module "Environmental Economics" in the 1st semester, and at least one of our elective modules in the 3rd semester. The "Topics"-module then allows students to work out an ambitious and operational proposal for their master thesis in the area of environmental and resource economics. In contrast, the module is not suitable for students without these prerequisites, or without the ambition to do a master thesis in our group.

In this module, students will independently work on an individual topic from one of the research areas of the Chair of Environmental Economics and Resource Management (see here for a first overview). The choice of a topic will be individually negotiated between students and supervisors.

One aim in attending this module would be for students to get acquainted with the current state of knowledge on their topic. Another, aim would be to prepare a research proposal for a master thesis. In any case, the tangible product from this module will be a term paper at the front of knowledge.
While students attending this module will mainly work individually, and on individual topics, there will be some group meetings to introduce basic techniques of research and research-oriented writing, as well as for discussing (intermediate or final) results from individual projects.

Participation in this module is by personal invitation only (“privatissime”). If you are interested in attending and have not been invited yet, please, sign up for the module, come to the first meeting (which will take place in the first or second week of the semester), and introduce yourself. We will then discuss your motivation, background and ambitions, and may invite you to attend the module.

Prerequisites
  • basic module "Environmental Economics" (1st semester) and
  • at least one of our elective modules in the 3rd semester
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Course Economics, Institutions, and the Environment
Lecturer Prof. Dr. Stefan Baumgärtner, Dr. A.M. Tanvir Hussain, Dr. Stephan Wolf
Cycle / Format / Level    WS / Lecture + Tutorial / M.Sc.
Description The aim of the course is to familiarize MEG students with the analysis of environmental problems from an economic perspective. Participants of the course will be introduced to theoretical concepts and methods of Environmental Economics and Institutional Economics. The course starts with a theoretical overview of Neoclassical concepts and continues with Environmental Economics giving some examples on how economic instruments for governing and tackling environmental problems can be applied.
Because most of environmental goods and services are not being priced through a market - in divergence to the character of their scarcity - there is no incentive to internalize costs of pollution and degradation. Thus the risk of overuse is omnipresent. “Free-riding” is one of the consequences of this situation. One attempt to consider this problem is to integrate environmental goods and services into the market system and make them available to decision making processes. Participants of the course will get familiarized economic instruments used currently for solving the above mentioned problems. After a more conceptual treatment of the neoclassical market model and the market based instruments for tackling environmental problems, student will get an introduction to some basic micro-economic tools for analyzing environmental issues at a formal level.
Given the well-known criticism of the neoclassical rational choice model, the second part of the course systematically addresses the consequences stemming from cognitive limits to individual decision making. We will see how institutions, interpreted as behavioral constraints and decision making heuristics, shape individual and collective action. Students will get an introduction to fundamental concepts of New Institutional Economics and get familiarized with the application of institutional thinking to economics at large and environmental issues in particular.
Prerequisites None.
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Course Scientific Frameworks of REM – Economics
Lecturer Dr. A.M. Tanvir Hussain
Cycle / Format / Level    WS / Lecture + Tutorial / M.Sc.
Description The economics part of the module presents an overview of basic concepts and methods of microeconomics. Main topics include fundamental principles of economics, consumer theory, producer theory, and market equilibrium and efficiency. Students acquire adequate understanding of microeconomic theory and they are able to apply this to practical contexts. The economics part prepares students for the “Society & Economy” module which builds on the basic concepts in consumer and producer theory.

After completion, students should gain adequate understanding of producer and consumer theory, market equilibrium, basics of energy economics and should be well prepared for the “Renewable Energy Economics” module in the upcoming summer semester.
Prerequisites

Strongly recommended:

  • college-level algebra
  • basic geometry of linear and non-linear functions
  • single- and multi-variable calculus (at a minimum: familiarity with differentiation and partial differentiation)
  • knowledge of integration
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Course Renewable Energy Economics
Lecturer Dr. A.M. Tanvir Hussain
Cycle / Format / Level    SS / Lecture + Tutorial / M.Sc.
Description This module will, broadly, comprise of three sections. The first section deals with demand in, pricing and structure of energy markets. Main focus for the second section is the microeconomics of risk and insurance and theory of portfolio investments. The last part of the module covers failure of energy markets and appropriate regulations.

After completion, students should acquire knowledge and understanding on the role of markets in efficient allocation of energy, decision-making under risk (especially in the context of renewable energies) and what happens when markets fail.
Prerequisites

Strongly recommended:

  • successful completion of the “Scientific frameworks of REM – economics” module
  • good command over basic statistics (at a minimum: random variables and probability distributions)
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